ANSWER: You must have the niyyah before fajr or a night before for shawwal fasts. If you had intended to fast before going to bed, this is sufficient.

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ANSWER: You keep the count and start fasting, you don’t have to have the intention of which year’s fast you are keeping as long as you finish the full number of days.

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ANSWER: You can recite it throughout Ramadan and even during the other months but should say it more during the last 10 nights of Ramadan.

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ANSWER: The last ten nights of Ramadan begin from night of 20th fast (in hijri calendar the new day begins at maghrib)

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